An 18% reduction in emissions by 2020 compared to 2014, with reductions of 39% by 2025 and 45% by 2030 compared to the same initial value. Contains a section on climate risks and adaptation. The INDC of Dominica. The report is published by the Universal Ecological Fund, a nonprofit organization that focuses on providing accessible information about climate science, hoping to inspire people to get excited about climate action. Carbon dioxide, salmon gas and methane are gases that accumulate in the atmosphere and prevent heat from spreading from the Earth`s surface into space, causing what is called a greenhouse effect. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the main international scientific body dealing with this issue, the concentration of these heat-capturing gases has increased significantly since a pre-industrial period and has risen to a level that has not been reached for at least 800,000 years. Carbon dioxide (the main cause of climate change) has increased by 40% since 1750, salmon gas by 20% and methane by 150%, mainly due to the burning of dirty fossil fuels. The IPCC says it is « extremely likely » that these emissions are mainly responsible for the rise in global temperatures since the 1950s. Meanwhile, deforestation and forest degradation have also contributed to their fair share of global carbon emissions.
INDCs become NDCs – national contributions – as soon as a country formally accedes to the agreement. There are no specific requirements on how or to what extent countries should reduce emissions, but there were political expectations about the nature and rigour of different countries` targets. As a result, national plans are very different in scale and ambition and largely reflect each country`s capabilities, level of development and contribution to emissions over time. For example, China has committed to leveling its CO2 emissions by 2030 at the latest and reducing CO2 emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 60-65% by 2030 compared to their 2005 level. India has set a target of reducing emissions intensity by 33-35% by 2030 compared to 2005 and producing 40% of its electricity from non-fossil sources. . . .